Very popular visits for day excursions and as part of a Gauteng Tour, is The Cradle of Humankind. This is a paleoanthropological site about 50 km (31 mi) northwest of Johannesburg, in the Gauteng province. Declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1999, the site currently occupies 47,000 hectares and contains a complex of limestone caves. The registered name of the site in the list of World Heritage sites is Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa. Numerous early hominin remains have been found at the Sterkfontein Caves, part of the Cradle of Humankind, over the last few decades. These have been attributed to Australopithecus, early Homo and Paranthropus.
The Sterkfontein Caves were the site of the discovery of a 2.3-million-year-old fossil Australopithecus africanus (nicknamed "Mrs. Ples"), found in 1947 by Robert Broom and John T. Robinson, scientists of the University of the Witwatersrand. The find helped corroborate the 1924 discovery of the juvenile Australopithecus africanus skull known as the "Taung Child", by Raymond Dart, at Taung in the North West Province of South Africa, where excavations still continue. Sterkfontein alone has produced more than a third of early hominid fossils ever found prior to 2010.
They are credited with many of the most notable discoveries in the caves, including the world-famous fossils of Mrs Ples and Little Foot, the latter being an almost complete Australopithecus skeleton dating back more than three million years.
The tours at the Sterkfontein Caves, start above ground and then take visitors deep into the caves and can be combined with a visit to Maropeng (see below)
The Maropeng Visitor Centre is an award-winning, world-class exhibition, focusing on the development of humans over the past few million years. Learners are guided through the Tumulus building which begins with an underground boat ride showcasing the four natural elements: earth, water, wind and fire. Taking a journey through time is next, starting with the formation of the planet and moving all the way through the evolutionary processes that culminated in the world as we know it today. Learners are guided through the museum by a site guide. There are several impressive interactive displays which keep learners learning through play and using all their senses and allows them to take some time to ponder humanity’s fascinating origin story.
The Constitutional Court of South Africa is a supreme constitutional court established by the Constitution of South Africa. It was originally the final appellate court for constitutional matters. Since the enactment of the Superior Courts Act in 2013, the Constitutional Court has jurisdiction to hear any matter if it is in the interests of justice for it to do so. The Court was first established by the Interim Constitution of 1993, and its first session began in February 1995. It has continued in existence under the Constitution of 1996. The Court sits in the city of Johannesburg. After initially occupying commercial offices in Braamfontein, it now sits in a purpose-built complex on Constitution Hill.
The court building was constructed using bricks from the demolished awaiting-trial wing of the former prison. Most of the prison was demolished to make way for the new court, but the stairwells were kept and incorporated into the new building as a reminder of the Constitution's transformative aspirations. Inside the main room, a row of horizontal windows has been set up behind the seats of the judges. While the windows are at head-height on the inside, they are on ground level on the outside. Those sitting in the court consequently have a view of the feet of passersby moving along, above the heads of the judges, to remind them that in a constitutional democracy the role of judges is to act in the interests of the people of the nation, rather than in their own self-interest. The first court session in the new building at this location was held in February 2004. The doors to the Court have the 27 rights of the Bill of Rights carved into them, written in all 11 official languages of South Africa. One of the stairwells from the old awaiting-trial block with the Portuguese words A luta continua (the struggle continues) written in lights, has been retained.
Learners can view and learn about the Constitutional Court, see the remains of the Number Four Prison , the Old Fort and the Women's Jail.
The Voortrekker Monument is located just south of Pretoria. This massive granite structure is prominently located on a hilltop, and was raised to commemorate the Voortrekkers who left the Cape Colony between 1835 and 1854. On 8 July 2011 the Voortrekker Monument, designed by the architect Gerard Moerdijk, was declared a National Heritage Site by the South African Heritage Resource Agency.
Johannesburg was formed as a result of the gold rush. At Gold Reef City we get a glimpse of the lifestyle of people living in those days. We get to see how they melt and pour gold. A. 220meters under the ground tour is sometimes included in the Gold Reef City experience.
Gold Reef City Theme Park can be included in your visit and can get your adrenaline pumping on rides like the Run Away Train, Anaconda and if you dare the Tower of Terror.
Lesedi Cultural Village is a tourist village where learners can learn about the cultural traditions of several different peoples of Southern Africa, the Zulu, Xhosa, Pedi, Basotho and Ndebele. After a video presentation and a guided tour through the homesteads, learners are entertained with energetic dancing.
Learners go on a surface tour and learn about the Cullinan Diamond, the largest rough gem-quality diamond ever found, at 3,106.75 carats (621.350 g). It was because of this famous diamond that the Cullinan Mine rose to prominence in 1905. The stone was found by Frederick Wells, surface manager of the Premier Diamond Mining Company in Cullinan on 25 January 1905. The stone was named after Sir Thomas Cullinan, the owner of the diamond mine. The Premier Mine is an underground diamond mine owned by Petra Diamonds. Established in 1902, it was renamed the Cullinan Diamond Mine in November 2003 in celebration of its centenary. The mine has produced over 750 stones that are greater than 100 carats (20 g) and more than a quarter of all the world's diamonds that are greater than 400 carats (80 g). It is also the only significant source of blue diamonds in the world.